Manufacture, Saint-Dié, France, 1946

Born from the standards of the Radiant City and the Charte d'Athènes, the Green Factory prototype which basically changes the labour conditions.

Component of the serial property inscribed on the world heritage list, 2016


The plan for the town of St-Dié was unanimously rejected by the upper, middle, and lower classes, the socialists, the communists, etc. The Ministry of Reconstruction did not press the matter, and to-day St-Dié is being reconstructed, but not according to that plan. The plan included eight Unités d'Habitation. That was in 1945. The sketches show the nature of these Unités for the first time. Marseilles had not then been constructed, but was struggling under the attacks which beset it right up to the day of its solemn inauguration (14th October 1952). The chronological order was reversed. Marseilles should have been built in 1946 and St-Dié in 1952.

From all the effort at St-Dié, there remains but one small pure flame. One of the young industrial promoters, Jean Jacques Duval, was friendly towards the 1945 plan. He had a millinery factory which had been destroyed by the Germans, and Le Corbusier undertook to design a new one. The construction was slow, constantly held up by circumstances. But the little Duval factory at St-Dié contains certain elements pertaining to modern architecture,

1° it is proportioned entirely by the Modulor,

2° the section is strongly expressed,

3° the ceilings, wood work, plumbing, etc.

are intensely colored in accordance with the robust character of concrete. The factory of St-Dié was finished before the Unité at Marseilles. Both express a rude health, their color schemes being pushed to, a most powerful intensity.

Extract from Le Corbusier, Oeuvre complète, volume 5, 1946-1952
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Manufacture, Saint-Dié
Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
© FLC/ADAGP
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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Photo : Olivier Martin-Gambier 2005
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