Between 1952 and 1965, Le Corbusier increased his pictoral production by creating enamels. It was in Luynes, at the Ateliers d’Art Français de Jean Martin, that he produced his enamelled steel plates in bright colors, fired at very high temperatures.
Le Corbusier conceived these enamels as paintings addressing themes widely developed in the rest of his plastic work, such as bulls or the open hand.
Le Corbusier also put this new artistic practice at the service of his architecture. His first achievement was the pivoting entrance door of the Chapel of Ronchamp. Le Corbusier renewed the experience with the enamel door of the Palace of Assembly in Chandigarh. In 1975, he made, using this technique, three benches for the Swiss Pavillon at the Cité Universitaire in Paris.
Le Corbusier created about fifty enamels, 10 of which are kept at the Fondation Le Corbusier.